India's Space Programme: History of ISRO

INDIA'S SPACE PROGRAMME

India's Space Programme: History of ISRO

India's Space Programme: In the space sector India is now became a superpower. This journey was started from the bicycle and now it's reached to the mars. And now India is preparing to send the any Indian into the space. This journey was not easy. In 1947 when the country get freedom then haved many problems front of us and economic condition was also very poor. 
But in 19 April first ever satellite that was built by India. Set up into space in 1975. It was launched by Russia using the Kosmos-3M launch vehicle. It was the beginning of the India's space programme.

About India's first satellite Aryabhata

  • Aryabhata launched on 19 April 1975
  • X-ray, astronomy, aeronomics, solar physics. 
  • 4.6 feet in diameter 
  • Weighed 360 kg
  • Real time data transmission rate of 256 bits/second 
  • Internal temperature from 0 to 40 degrees Celsius 
  • Launched by Soviet Union 
  • Launched agreed by India and Soviet Union in 1972
  • India allowed Soviet Union to use Indian ports
  • Soviet Union agreed to launch Indian satellite 
  • Power failure delayed Aryabhata's launch 
  • Data receiving centre in Bangalore 
  • Project cost over ₹3 crore 
  • Returned to Earth on 11 February 1992.
India's Space Programme: History of ISRO

Aryabhata may not have been a complete success but project open the new prosperity of ISRO which continues to run space programme.
 The satellite was named Aryabhata by India's first women Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. It was named after the 5th century mathematician, astromer from the classical age of India by same name.

 Who was Aryabhata? 

Aryabhata was born on around 476CE around the region of the Godavari river. 
  • Aryabhata composed cosmic papers. 
  • His most famous works Aryabhatiya was published when he was only 23 years old. 
  • First explained that the earth revolves around the sun. 
  • Discover the position of nine planets. 
  • Provide circumference of the earth 
  • Provide radius of orbits of planets. 
  • Provide that earth is round rotates on its own axis. 

Chandrayaan 2 Mission 

  • Mission to land rover on the moon US, Russia and China have soft landed spacecraft on moon surface. 
  • First time attempt to land a rover on the moon south pole. 
  • Mission will comprise of an arbiter Lander and Rover. 
  • Chandrayaan 2 spacecraft will be launched by GSLV MK ll. 
  • Mission will encourage new experiments by the use and testing of new technologies. 
  • Cost of mission is ₹800 crore. 
  • It is an advanced version of the previous Chandrayaan-l mission. 

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Gaganyaan Mission

  • ISRO to send an astronaut into space in 2022.
  • Gaganyaan is an Indian crewed orbital spacecraft intended to be basis of the Indian Human Space flight programme. 
  • Spacecraft to carry two or three people. 
  • Will be launched on ISRO biggest rocket the GSLV MK III. 

Mission Shakti

India's Space Programme: History of ISRO

  • In LEO satellites give high band width low communication latency. 
  • Most space station are installed in LEO. 
  • LEO used for many communication applications. 
  • Most of the telecommunication satellites are put in LEO. 

ISRO Upcoming Mission 

  • ISRO plans to launch 32 space mission in 2019.
  • 14 launch vehicles 17 satellites and 1 tech demo mission. 
  • Aditya-LI: To study the sun surface. 

History of ISRO 

India's Space Programme began in 1960 Dr. Vikram Sarabhai was a physist and industrialist. He is also known as Father of India's Space Programme. 
India's Space Programme: History of ISRO

  • In 1962 Indian National Committee for Space Research Set up. 
  • 1969 foundation of ISRO. 
  • June 1972 Department of space established. 
  • September 1972 ISRO brought under Department of Space. 
  • 1975 India launch its first satellite Aryabhata. 
  • 1979 Bhaskara-I launched. 
  • 1979 ISRO launch a series of satellite under mission Rohini. Four satellite in Rohini series launched by satellite launch vehicle. Three made it successful into orbit. 
  • APPLE: ISRO first indigenous experimental communication satellite launched in 19 June 1981.
  • 1983: ISRO develops telecommunications satellite I Sat system. 
  • INSAT is one of the largest domestic communication satellite system in Asia Pacific with nine operational communication satellites. 
  • August 30, 1983: INSAT-1-B satellite launched; Full operational capability achieved in October 1983.
  • April 2, 1984: Rakesh Sharma travel to space in a soviet rocket that was launched on April 2, 1984.
  • Sept 12, 2002 Kalpana-1 launched by ISRO using PSLV. 
  • Sept 20, 2004: ISRO launches GSAT-3 built for educational sector. 
  • Dec 22, 2005: Successful launch of INSAT-4A.
  • Oct 22, 2008: Launch of Chandrayaan abroad PSLV-C11. 
  • 2013: Mangalyaan launched. 
  • Scheduled to orbit Earth. 
  • Feb 2017: Launched 104 satellites simultaneously. 
  • Jan 2018: 31 satellites in a single flight successfully launched. 
  • Nov 2018: Earth observation satellites HysIS launched. 

Source: Rstv

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