Essay on Population Explosion: Causes, Effects, Reactions and Control Measures

Population Explosion


Essay on Population Explosion

General growth of population :- 

Essay on Population explosion: Population explosion like a energy crisis is one of the most important topic talked in the world these days. The population theory propounded by Malthus states that population increase by geometrical progression and food supply arithmetical progression. The nature strikes the balance by means of war famine and disease. In spite of the fact that the hollowness of the Malthusian Theory has been established it can not be denied that the present growth rate of the world population is alarming and disturbing. 
Essay on Population Explosion


From an estimated 500 million people in 1650 the world population has increased to 1000 million by 1850, 2000 million by 1940 and 4000 million by 1976. The world population had doubled in 200 years (1650-1850) now took only 40 years to reach the same growth. This figure substantiates the fear that if this present growth rate continues this planets will be over crowded within a few decades.

Effects of population explosion on developed and underdeveloped countries:-

The explosion of human population is partly due to improvement in medical science and increase in food production resulting in the decline of mortality rate. While some of the European countries have controlled birth rate, the developing and under developed countries still show 3-5 percent annual growth of human population. As a matter of fact out of 5.2 million are born in the developing and underdeveloped countries only.
Essay on Population Explosion

 This population explosion if not checked immediately would lead to invasion towards agricultural land and forests for construction of new towns. Additionally unemployment problem, educational problem and energy crisis will become acute. There will be human jungles all over with no space to move about.

Its worldwide reaction:-

Sensing the danger and the calamity the world would face during the next two decades, sociologist, politicians and statesmen everywhere have taken this problem in right earnest. Even conservative religious leaders have now changed their orthodox Outlook. Family planning is now an official programme in conservative Muslim countries like UAR, Jordan Iraq and Syria. Chaina has also stopped up this campaign to such a level that during the last 10 years the annual growth rate has come down from 5% to 1.5% while in India it is around 2.5% according the latest census.

Measures taken in different countries and in India:-

Population Explosion has obviously led to family planning. In most countries of the world thanks to publicity and encouragement from government people have become conscious of the danger the society will face if the growth rate is not checked immediately. Five countries like Mexico, Portugal, China, Ecuador and Yugoslavia have already incorporated family planning as a basic human right in their constitution. 
Essay on Population Explosion

Japan has successfully reduced birth rate from 2.5% in 1945 to 1.4% in 1976. It is a pity that India where the growth rate is amongst the highest in the world is lagging much behind in formulating any definite programme to meet the challenging crisis. It seems that the activity of the government is restricted to the display of a couple of banners and advertisements here and there urging family planning. Still more extensive campaign and mass education are absolutely necessary to bring down the birth rate. 

Conclusion:-

Population explosion is according the very foundation of present day socio-economic structure and is striking at the very root of civilization. Therefore all the countries developed or underdeveloped should join hands to meet the crisis in right earnest before it is too late. 

Essay on Population Explosion in 100 words

Essay on Population explosion:- like a energy crisis is one of the most important topic talked in the world these days. The explosion of population is partly due improvement in medical science and increase in food production resulting in the decline of mortality rate. If the population explosion is not chacked immediately would lead to invasion towards agricultural land and forests for construction of new town. Sensing the danger the world would face problems during the next two decades. Population explosion has obviously led to family planning. While some of the European countries have birth rate. Still more expensive campaign and mass education are absolutely necessary to bring down the birth rate. Therefore all the countries developed or underdeveloped should join hands to meet the crisis in right earnest before it is too late.



Essay on Population Explosion in 200 words

Essay on Population explosion:-  It is like a energy crisis is one of the most important topic talked in the world these days. The explosion of population is partly due improvement in medical science and increase in food production resulting in the decline of mortality rate. If the population explosion is not chacked immediately would lead to invasion towards agricultural land and forests for construction of new town. Sensing the danger and the calamity the world would face during the next two decades sociologist, politicians and statesmen everywhere have taken this problem in right earnest. Population explosion has obviously led to family planning. In most countries of the world thanks to publicity and encouragement from government people have become conscious of the danger the society will face if the growth rate is not checked Immediately. Family planning is now an official programme in conservative Muslim countries like U.A.R, Jordan, Iraq and Syria. While some of the European countries have birth rate. Still more expensive campaign and mass education are absolutely necessary to bring down the birth rate. In fact population explosion is according the very foundation of present day socio-economic structure and is striking at the very root of civilization. Therefore all the countries developed or underdeveloped should join hands to meet the crisis in right earnest before it is too late. 

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